American History Honors Unit 5 study guide

George Eastman
He invented the roll film.
The Wright Brothers
They invented the worlds first successful airplane.
Daniel Burnham
A architect that made plans for the development of cities like Chicago and downtown Washington D.C.
W.E.B. Du Bois
Founded the Niagara movement. Thought that blacks needed equality right away.
Booker T. Washingtion
founded the Tuskegee university. Thought blacks would get equality once they were properly educated.
trends in education in the late 1800’s
Number of kindergartens went from 200 in 1880 to 3000 in 1900. Number of blacks in high school went from 1% in 1890 to only 3% in 1910.
Niagara Moavement
Founded by W.E.D Du Bois in 1905 to provide liberal arts education to blacks.
Tuskegee Institute
Founded by Booker T. Washington in 1881 to provide liberal arts education to blacks.
Plessy v. Ferguson
The Supreme Court ruled that the segregation of races was legal and did not violate the 14th amendment.
Grandfather Clause
Said that even if a man failed the literacy test or could not afford the poll tax if his grandfather or father had been eligible to vote before January 1st 1867 then he could vote.
Jim Crow Laws
Said that racial segregation was put into effect in schools, hospitals, parks, and transportation systems throughout the south.
Literacy Test
A test giving to people who wanted to vote it had a reading test and then you had to answer questions.
poll tax
A annual tax that had to be paid before qualifying to vote.
Debt Peonage
A system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to the employer.
department stores
A store that had several floors of a lot of things that you need.
Goals of the progressive movement
Aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in american life.
Muckrakers
a term given by Roosevelt for a investigative reporter uncovering corruption in company’s.
16th amendment
Said that congress will have the power to lay and collect income tax.
17th amendment
Said that the senate will have 2 people elected by the people for 6 years.
18th amendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages.
19th amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
Women in college
In college there could be 8 men and 22 women. now that women had college educations marriage was not there only way in life and half women who went to college never married.
Suffrage
It was for women’s right to vote. They would do walks to try to let people now they wanted to vote.
NAWSA
National American Woman Suffrage Association; founded in 1890 to help women win the right to vote.
Bully Pulpit
A position sufficiently conspicuous to provide an opportunity to speak out and be listened to. Term made by Roosevelt.
Pure food and drug act
the act that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs
Meat inspection act
In 1906 a act passed which dictated strict cleanliness requirements for meat packers and created the program of federal meat inspection.
Sherman antitrust act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
Clayton antitrust act
It was a act that strengthened the Sherman antitrust act.
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil. Took on Rockefeller.
Upton Sinclair
A muckracking journalist that wrote The Jungle in 1906 about the meat packing industry.
Election of 1912
Woodrow Wilson beat Theodore Roosevelt and William Taft. Wilson won 435 electoral votes cause he said that monopoly’s need to go.
Gifford Pinchot
head of the U.S. Forest Servic under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them.
bull moose party
It was what the progressive party became known as. The party Roosevelt ran in for the election of 1912.
Reasons of Imperialism
It was for material, power, territory expansion, military base, and economic growth.
Annexation of Hawaii
U.S. wanted Hawaii for business and so Hawaiian sugar could be sold in the U.S. duty free, Queen Liliuokalani opposed so Sanford B. Dole overthrew her in 1893, William McKinley convinced Congress to annex Hawaii in 1898.
Annexation of Alaska.
The US bought it from Russia in 1867 for $7.2 million, it was rich in resources mainly timber.
Hearst and Pulitzer
Competitors against each other in a circulation war; practitioners of yellow journalism.
Enrique Dupuy de Lome
Spanish minister to us, wrote a letter that was exposed to the public criticizing president McKinley embarrassed and resigned.
Causes of the Spanish american war
Yellow journalism, imperialism, Spain brutality to the Cubans, explosion of the USS Maine.
Rough Riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War.
Platt amendment
It was amendment that the U.S said Cuba had to have. it said they can make treaties with anyone , Cuba couldn’t go into debt they couldn’t repay, and U.S could buy naval and refueling stations on Cuba.
Foraker Act
Ended military rule and set up a civil government in Puerto Rico.
Boxer Rebellion
They where a group of rebels called the boxers and they killed hundreds of foreigners. Within two months international forces( Britain, France, Germany, and japan) put down the Boxer Rebellion.
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt’s 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South and Central America by using military force.
Open door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Panama canal
Roosevelt felt the U.S needed a canal cutting across central america. Before work began the U.S had to get permission from Colombia. Bunau Varilla helped organize a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia when negotiations broke down.